By Jeremy Agnew
This publication explores the function and effect of drink and medicine (primarily opium) within the outdated West, which for this e-book is taken into account to be the United States west of the Mississippi from the California gold rush of the 1840s to the remaining of the Western Frontier in approximately 1900. this era used to be the 1st time in American heritage that heavy ingesting and drug abuse grew to become a tremendous social drawback. consuming used to be thought of to be an authorized pursuit for males on the time. Smoking opium used to be thought of to be deviant and linked to teams at the fringes of mainstream society, yet opium use and dependancy via ladies used to be regular. This ebook offers the heritage of either ingredients and the way their use unfold around the West, in the beginning for medicinal purposes--but how overuse and abuse ended in the Temperance move and finally to nationwide Prohibition. This e-book experiences the old truth of alcohol and opium use within the previous West with out bias.
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Extra resources for Alcohol and Opium in the Old West: Use, Abuse and Influence
15 40 Alcohol and Opium in the Old West The trade deﬁcit problem was resolved in part by selling opium produced in India to China. By 1773 the British East India Company had taken over the opium trade from the Dutch. The governor-general of Bengal drove out all the competing sources of opium production and trading in India, thus leaving the British government as the sole grower and supplier of Indian opium. By the end of the 1700s, through this monopoly, Britain controlled the cultivation, processing, export, and sale of opium to China.
The Incas used it for rituals and drank it in large quantities during religious festivities. Mills discovered in the Andes for processing chicha have been dated back to the 1500s. This drink, fermented with human saliva, was made from corn but could also be made 46 Alcohol and Opium in the Old West There are more than 120 species of agave plant. Six of them were commonly used to produce the beer-like drink called pulque, which was also distilled to make the ﬁery liquors mescal and tequila. This is the golden-ﬂowered agave (Agave chrysantha) from Arizona, which produces a tall ﬂowering stem and a fat stalk that could be tapped to produce liquid.
By the end of the 1700s, through this monopoly, Britain controlled the cultivation, processing, export, and sale of opium to China. The opium was molded into balls, then packed into chests that contained forty balls of crude opium and weighed between 130 and 160 pounds. In 1799, Emperor Kea King (Kia King or Chia-ching, depending on Western spelling) made another attempt to stop the trade. He prohibited the importation and local growing of opium in China and took a more aggressive stance towards the traders.