By A.P. French
An advent to Quantum Physics. The M.I.T. Introductory Physics sequence
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Quantum Physics. The M.I.T. Introductory Physics Series
5 keV eV Theoretically, by Eq. 1 keV, which checks pretty well. We can recognize that the way in which these x-ray spectra are generated is very similar to the stimulation of optical emission lines following electron bombardment in the Franck- Hertz experiment. The only basic difference is that in the Franck-Hertz experiment the radiation comes from electrons 38 Simple models of the atom 1000 500 Fig. 1-18 Log-log plot showing the frequency dependence of x-ray absorption in lead and 100 E U 50 in iron.
26, 1024 (1913); 27, 703 (1914). The story of Moseley and his work is well told in Bernard Jaffe, Mocelel and the jVumherin,g of the Elements, Doubleday Anchor, New York, 1971, and in J. L. Heilbron. H. G. J. Moselev, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1974. 34 Simple models of the atom Spectra showing the characteristic x-ray lines for several elements. In this composite photograph, the abscissa is wavelength, which increases toward the right. The two strongest lines in each spectrum it-ere designated & and KQ, and the spectra were arranged so that these line wavelengths increase from bottom to top.
Millikan, Phys. Rev. 7, 355 (1916). ] measurements on the process, obtained by R. A. Millikan in 1916. The energy Kmax does not depend at all on the intensity of the incident light, only on its frequency. ) Moreover, below a minimum "threshold" frequency vr, for the incident light, no electrons are ejected at all, irrespective of the intensity of the incident light. The threshold frequency v is characteristic of the metal being used as the photoemitter. These results are difficult to explain classically.